Query Parser

The Query Parser is a utility for creating complex Nymph entity queries from a simple text input. Essentially, it turns a string into a Nymph query.

Installation

npm install --save @nymphjs/query-parser

Usage

The query parser will turn a string into an Options and Selectors array for the Nymph Client. It has a syntax that allows for most features of a Nymph query to be expressed in a text input.

import queryParser from '@nymphjs/query-parser';

import BlogPost from './BlogPost';
import Category from './Category';

async function doQuery() {
  const query =
    'limit:4 foobar (| [archived] mdate<"2 weeks ago") category<{cat Tech}>';
  const [options, ...selectors] = queryParser(
    query,
    BlogPost,
    ['title', 'body'],
    {
      cat: {
        class: Category,
        defaultFields: ['name'],
      },
    }
  );
  /*
  Options will be
    {
      class: BlogPost,
      limit: 4
    }

  And selectors will be
    [
      {
        type: "|",
        truthy: [
          "archived"
        ],
        lt: [
          ["mdate", null, "2 weeks ago"]
        ]
      },
      {
        type: "&",
        qref: [
          "category",
          [
            {
              class: Category
            },
            {
              type: "|",
              ilike: ["name", "%Tech%"]
            }
          ]
        ]
      },
      {
        type: "|",
        ilike: [
          ["title", "%foobar%"],
          ["body", "%foobar%"]
        ]
      }
    ]
  */
  const entities = await nymph.getEntities(options, ...selectors);
}

Usage

You can set limit, offset, and reverse like this.

  • limit:number
  • offset:number
  • reverse:true, reverse:false, reverse:1, or reverse:0

These must appear in the top level of the query (outside of any parentheses).

Clauses

These are the available clauses, and their syntax.

equal and !equal

Check for string or JSON representation equality.

  • name=string or name!=string
  • name="string value" or name!="string value"
    • (Use this if you have a space in your string, or if your string could be interpreted as valid JSON. Escape double quotes with a leading backslash.)
  • name=JSON or name!=JSON
    • (Match a JSON encoded value (like true, 1, [1,2,3], or {"prop":"val"}).)

guid and !guid

Check for entity GUID.

  • {guid} or {!guid}

tag and !tag

Check for a tag.

  • <tag> or <!tag>

truthy and !truthy

Check for truthiness.

  • [name] or [!name]

ref and !ref

Check for a reference to another entity.

  • name<{guid}> or name!<{guid}>

qref and !qref

Check for a reference to another entity using a query.

  • name<{refclassname inner query}> or name!<{refclassname inner query}>
    • (Esacpe curly brackets with a leading backslash.)
    • (Requires a map of refclassname to their actual class and default fields.)

contain and !contain

Check for a JSON representation appearing within the JSON representation of the named property.

  • name<value> or name!<value>
    • (Escape angle brackets with a leading backslash. If your value could be interpreted as valid JSON, encode it as a JSON string and use the JSON syntax instead.)
  • name<JSON> or name!<JSON>
    • (Search for a JSON encoded value (like true, 1, [1,2,3], or {"prop":"val"}).)

match and !match

Check for POSIX regex match.

  • name~/pattern/ or name!~/pattern/

imatch and !imatch

Check for case insensitive POSIX regex match.

  • name~/pattern/i or name!~/pattern/i

like and !like

Check for pattern match where _ is single char wildcard and % is any length wildcard.

  • name~pattern or name!~pattern
  • name~"pattern" or name!~"pattern"
    • (Use this if you have a space in your pattern.)

ilike and !ilike

Check for case insensitive pattern match where _ is single char wildcard and % is any length wildcard.

  • name~"pattern"i or name!~"pattern"i

gt

Check a prop's value is greater than a given value.

  • name>number
  • name>relative
    • (A single relative time value like now or yesterday.)
  • name>"relative time value"
    • (Use this for a time value with a space like "two days from now", "last thursday", "+4 weeks", or "5 minutes ago".)

gte

Check a prop's value is greater than or equal to a given value.

  • name>=number
  • name>=relative
    • (A single relative time value like now or yesterday.)
  • name>="relative time value"
    • (Use this for a time value with a space like "two days from now", "last thursday", "+4 weeks", or "5 minutes ago".)

lt

Check a prop's value is less than a given value.

  • name<number
  • name<relative
    • (A single relative time value like now or yesterday.)
  • name<"relative time value"
    • (Use this for a time value with a space like "two days from now", "last thursday", "+4 weeks", or "5 minutes ago".)

lte

Check a prop's value is less than or equal to a given value.

  • name<=number
  • name<=relative
    • (A single relative time value like now or yesterday.)
  • name<="relative time value"
    • (Use this for a time value with a space like "two days from now", "last thursday", "+4 weeks", or "5 minutes ago".)

Selectors

You can specify nested selectors with different types using pairs of parentheses. The first character (or two) inside the parentheses can be a type: "&", "!&", "|", "!|", or "!" (the same as "!&").

Here are some examples of nested selectors.

Either enabled is truthy and abilities contains "subscriber", or abilities contains "lifelong-subscriber".

(| ([enabled] abilities<"subscriber">) abilities<"lifeline-subscriber">)


Published is not truthy and cdate is not greater than 6 months ago.

(! [published] cdate>"6 months ago")

Default Fields

Anything contained in the query (including in selector parentheses) that doesn't match any of the options or clause syntaxes listed above will be added (at the appropriate nesting level) to a selector with an "|" type in an ilike clause surrounded by "%" characters for each field passed in to the defaultFields argument.